Guide The End of The Aztecs

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Table of contents

The islands were connected to the mainland by earthen causeways. Today the capital of the republic of Mexico is Mexico City.

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It is on the same site, but the lake, over the years, has been mostly drained. Social Classes.

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  • Aztecs - HISTORY?

Like cities today, the Aztec capital was a place of bustling activity, filled with people of all kinds. Everybody, however, fit into one of three categories: nobles, commoners, and tlatlacotin. The tlatlacotin were poor people who had sold themselves as permanent workers. Their children, however, were born free.

High officials were usually chosen from the noble class. Commoners were also selected, if of proven ability. Because the wealthier citizens originally made up most of the army, their votes always counted more than those of the poorer classes in the main popular assembly, the Assembly of Centuries. Although the Senate could not pass laws, in early times the hereditary priests claimed the right to approve laws.

When a girl was born, she was presented with a tiny sewing basket. A boy was given a miniature shield and four little arrows. Before the age of 4, children had their ears pierced. At 5 or 6, children could go out to play, if they had finished their chores. At 10, children were legally responsible for their actions and could be sentenced to punishment.

At this age all boys and girls were sent to neighborhood boarding schools. Some students learned trades. Others studied history, music, the art of speaking, and the interpretation of dreams.

Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire

At 15 a young woman was ready for marriage. The typical young man became a warrior and would marry later. Men wore loincloths and simple cloaks knotted over one shoulder. Women wore sleeveless blouses and wrap-around skirts of cotton cloth. Shelter and Food. Houses were of one story and might have several rooms, each facing a central courtyard. The kitchen with its fireplace was in the rear.

A young family often lived in a single room in the house of the husband's father. Maize, beans, squash, and turkey were important foods. Crops were grown on island gardens called chinampas , made of fertile soil scooped from the lake bottom.

Long prayers were said for a dead person. The corpse was either buried or cremated, together with a sewing basket and weaver's tools for a woman or weapons for a man. These abscesses then break open and scab over, the scabs eventually falling off, leaving pit mark scars. This whole, horrible process, takes a month or so, and the infected person is contagious until the scabs have all fallen off.

A child infected with smallpox in Bangladesh, It took almost two years for smallpox to spread to the mainland and reach Tenochtitlan.

We Finally Know Why the Aztecs Disappeared!

Within four months of Eguia arriving in Cuba, smallpox had spread to Tenochtitlan. The sick were so utterly helpless that they could only lie on their beds like corpses, unable to move their limbs or even their heads. They could not lie face down or roll from one side to the other. I have read about the destruction of Jerusalem, but I do not think the mortality was greater there than here in Mexico.

A 16th-century Aztec illustration of smallpox victims.


The destructive effects of the disease did not end there, and the disease also ravaged the great Incan Empire. Although the exact numbers will never be known for certain it is estimated that smallpox killed between 40 and 50 million of the native population of the New World.

What is known for sure is that the conquest of Mexico was hugely influenced by the arrival of this deadly disease and that the defeat of the people of Mexico was significantly contributed to by the smallpox virus. Dr Marc Barton has been passionate about the medical profession since early childhood. While hospitalised during a bout of severe asthma, he was so awed by the proficiency of the doctors and hospital staff that he knew his future lay within Medicine. Your email address will not be published.

Hernán Cortés conquers the Aztec Empire

Clay figurines, some represented in European-looking garb, are among the 15, artifacts unearthed from the site. They likely played a role in rituals, Martinez told the Associated Press. Sacrifice was not the end for the victims. Skeletons show the marks of cuts consistent with flesh cleaved from bones, Martinez said, suggesting that the townspeople ate not just the horses but the caravan travelers as well.

The sacrifices

In another case, inside the pelvis of a woman who was sacrificed and dismembered in a plaza, the Acolhuas placed the skull of a one-year-old child. Only the pigs were spared the full treatment, apparently because they so baffled the native people. Archaeologists have found more than objects, including a riding spur, a brooch, rings, iron nails and glazed ceramic figurines, in 11 cisterns around the site, and plan to explore three more in the coming months.

The identification of indigenous allies in the Spanish caravan struck Overholtzer as a telling sign of the complex world into which the invaders marched. Martinez argued that the findings showed that indigenous people fought back against the conquistadors, in contrast to the popular story that Mesoamerican peoples ceded to the Spanish quickly.